|Healthy Diet Plans >> Health Issues and Diet >> Cholera|
Cholera is a waterborne disease causing serious infection in the lower part of the small bowel. An acute inflammatory disorder caused by the bacterium known as Vibrio cholerae in the intestines results in cholera. Cholera is also known as Asiatic cholera or epidemic cholera. The disease is predominant in endemic areas like India and other countries of Southeast and Mid East Asia. This disease strikes as an epidemic and creates havoc, but subsides quickly in the locality.
Cholera usually strikes during the monsoon and is known to make a sudden appearance.
Cholera continues to be a global threat and can be considered as one of the key indicators of social development. The disease is not so much a threat to countries with minimum standards of hygiene; it remains a challenge to countries where access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation cannot be guaranteed. A Cholera outbreak is a fearful epidemic in almost every developing country.
Symptoms of Cholera:
A disorder of any kind within the system is made known by warning signals by the system that indicate a disease has struck. In case of cholera, the warning signals are indicated by:
The other symptoms indicating cholera include: severe dehydration and intense thirst. One may experience dryness of the tongue and the skin may tend to get wrinkled, while the eyeballs sink in and cheeks become hollow. Breathing becomes somewhat difficult. Low blood pressure due to the lack of fluids in the body. The temperature may come down to subnormal, although the pulse rate will be rapid. Prompt replacement of fluids and salts (lost through severe diarrhea and vomiting ) is the necessary to avoid death that may result from complete collapse of the circulation.Early rehydration can save the lives of nearly all cholera patients. Drinking large quantities of a solution of oral rehydration salts can rehydrate most quickly and easily.
Causes of Cholera:
The main causes of a cholera epidemic can be attributed to two main factors:
Lets have a look at both these factors in detail:
Unhygienic Living Conditions: These are the main cause of bringing about the bacterium’s harmful effects to the society by incorrect consumption habits and disoriented style of living. Inadequate water supplies, sanitation, food safety, and hygiene are key indicators of unhygienic living conditions. Overpopulated communities, refugee settings and scarce resources to meet the basic requirements lead to poor sanitation and lack of hygiene. Cholera can spread rapidly in areas where sewage and drinking water supplies are inadequately treated and facilitates the invasion of cholera in the society.
Diet for Cholera:
The information provided by the World Health Organization (WHO) with regard to prevention and control of cholera states that: ‘When cholera occurs in an unprepared community, case-fatality rates may be as high as 50% -- usually because there are no facilities for treatment, or because treatment is given too late. In contrast, a well-organized response in a country with a well established diarrhoeal disease control programme can limit the case-fatality rate to less than 1%’
Thus this potentially fatal epidemic can be less fatal by employing simple means. Knowledge of the symptoms and methods of treatment are crucial in this context. The very first symptom of dehydration can be attended to by simple methods and therefore eliminate the possibility of the fatal effects of cholera. Dehydration caused by cholera leads to malfunctioning of other organs in the system. Therefore prompt replacement of fluids and salts (lost from the body by diarrhea or vomiting) must be the first step towards combating Cholera. Here are some easy and simple steps to combat dehydration:
1. To quench the thirst one should resort to dinking water, soda water or coconut water. Diarrhea and vomiting could cause the water intake to be thrown out of the system; hence it is advisable to consider taking only small quantities of water. Small intake can increase the possibility of the water remaining within the stomach for a longer period. The more the ability of the water to subsist the more the possibility of water getting absorbed and avoiding dehydration to take place.
Natural Remedies for Cholera:
Nature in its very own way creates the harmful bacterium and also provides certain plants and fruits that can prove beneficial to the treatment of cholera. We list a few do good natures gifts that could be of assistance when cholera strikes:
The foremost among these is the use of lemon .Now; this small fruit is known to yield many benefits. With regard to cholera it helps:
The root bark of guava is another valuable remedy. It is rich in tannins and can be successfully used in the form of concentrated decoction in cholera. About 30 grams of the root bark should be used in 500 ml of water to make the decoction. The water should be boiled till it is reduced to one-third. It can be taken twice daily. It will do away with vomiting and symptoms of diarrhoea.
Onion is very useful in cholera. About 15 grams of this vegetable and four black peppers should be finely pounded in a pestle and consumed. It quenches thirst and restlessness and generates a feeling of well being.
The intense visceral congestion can be relieved by keeping warm and activating the skin. How can this be done? Simply follow one of the tried and tested methods listed below:
|Submitted on January 16, 2014|