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Chronic Renal Failure Stages
Chronic renal failure refers to the gradual loss of function in the kidneys. The kidneys are responsible for filtering waste matter and excess fluids from the blood stream and eliminating them through the urine. When there is loss of kidney function, the waste and fluid levels can accumulate in the body and this can be dangerous to health. Treatment options for chronic renal failure are aimed at controlling the progression of the damage. Renal failure in its end stages can be fatal if dialysis or a kidney transplant is not done.
Chronic Renal Failure Symptoms
There may not be many signs and symptoms in the initial stages of chronic renal failure. The symptoms become prominent when there is considerable disruption in kidney function. The symptoms tend to appear gradually if there is a slow progression of renal damage. Chronic renal failure symptoms in humans include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, disrupted urine output, tiredness, weakness, problems in sleeping and reduced mental alertness. The individual may also experience muscle cramps, swollen ankles and feet and itching. Many of the chronic renal failure signs in adults may resemble those of other illnesses. Also the kidneys are able to adapt rather well to loss of function and hence the disease may be noticed quite late. Chronic renal failure symptoms in children include fever, nighttime bedwetting, discomfort during urination and high blood pressure.
It is important to consult a doctor when any of these signs and symptoms are experienced. Individuals with chronic illnesses that elevate the risk of chronic renal failure have to be evaluated regularly for blood pressure levels and kidney function through blood and urine tests.
Chronic Renal Failure Causes
Acute or chronic conditions may be responsible for renal failure. Here are some of the most common chronic renal failure causes and risk factors. In acute renal failure, the kidney loses function rather quickly due to various causes. The prerenal causes of kidney failure are those which involve damage to other parts of the body which in turn result in loss of kidney function. These include low blood volume, inadequate fluid intake, dehydration, intake of certain medications and disruption in blood flow in and out of the kidney due to obstructions or blockages. Renal causes of kidney failure include damage that occurs directly to the kidney. These include sepsis which is a serious condition wherein the entire body goes into an inflammatory state. Intake of certain medications such as non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and some antibiotics can also be toxic to the kidneys. Other renal causes of kidney failure include rhabdomyolysis in which the muscles of the body breakdown and the muscle fibers block the kidneys. Diseases which trigger inflammation in the kidney’s filtering system may also lead to kidney failure. Post renal causes are those which affect the urine output. These include blockages in the bladder, prostate cancer, tumors and kidney stones. Chronic renal failure occurs due to poorly managed diabetes, unregulated high blood pressure and chronic glomerulonephritis. Some of the rarer causes of chronic renal failure include kidney stones, prostate disease and polycystic kidney disease.
Chronic Renal Failure Treatment
There is no chronic renal failure cure, but there are treatment options which help to manage the disease. Chronic renal failure treatment guidelines must be followed properly so that the symptoms are controlled and the progression of the disease is slowed down. Treatment is aimed at making the individual more comfortable and hence may involve medications to regulate blood pressure, lower blood cholesterol, treat anemia, alleviate swelling and protect the bones. A beneficial chronic renal failure remedy is to modify the diet so that there is a lower level of waste matter in the blood. This involves following a diet that is low in protein. Treatment for end stage chronic renal failure involves dialysis or kidney transplant. In dialysis, the waste products and fluid from the blood is removed artificially. In hemodialysis, the blood is transferred from the body to a machine where it is filtered and then pumped back. In peritoneal dialysis, a solution is introduced in the abdominal cavity which absorbs the waste and excess fluid from the blood. In a kidney transplant, a healthy kidney is placed inside the body through a surgical procedure.
|Submitted on January 16, 2014|