|Healthy Diet Plans >> Health Issues and Diet >> Neutropenia Diet|
Neutropenia is a condition in which there is an unusually low neutrophils count in the blood. Neutrophils defend the body against certain fungal and acute bacterial infections. Around 45 to 75 percent of the white blood cells in the blood are neutrophils. When the count of neutrophils goes below 1,000 cells in a micro liter of blood, the chances of infection will be raised.
A diet for neutropenia is an intervention that is intended to cut down the entry of bacteria into the patients’ gastrointestinal tract.
Foods to include
Individuals with neutropenia require additional protein and calories to provide support to the immune system and help the body recover from the treatment and disease. Individuals can also face other nutritional challenges including loss of appetite and problems of digesting food. Therefore, being aware of the required nutrition for neutropenic patients and ensuring it is important.
List of foods for neutropenic patients
The treatment of neutropenia will depend on the severity and cause of the condition. Drugs that can cause neutropenia are ceased if possible and exposures to toxins are avoided. Individuals with mild neutropenia usually have no symptoms and may not require treatment. However, neutropenia that is severe can cause the body to succumb rapidly to the infection. This is because the body is not able to combat infections. In case of an infection, the patient is usually hospitalized and administered antibiotics. This is done even before the infection’s exact location and cause are identified.
When neutropenia is brought about by some other disorder like leukemia or tuberculosis, the treatment of the disorder that is underlying may resolve neutropenia. Bone marrow transplantation is not usually used for the treatment of neutropenia, but may be recommended for the treatment of serious neutropenia causes like leukemia or aplastic anemia. A diagnosis of neutropenia is usually made when a patient has a recurrent bacterial infection or fever. The diagnosis could also be done on a routine laboratory work or when the individual is being checked for other disorders. If neutropenia is detected, a confirmation should be done by repeat testing with a manual, differential, and complete blood count examination of the smear of peripheral blood.
Foods to avoid
It is vital that neutropenic patients are aware of foods to avoid. Understanding the causes of neutropenia and taking necessary precautions will also help in preventing the onset of the condition. Some of the foods to avoid include:
Neutropenia diet chart
A low count of white blood cells can increase an individual’s vulnerability to infection quite significantly. Hence, it is important that the neutropenia diet chart prepared helps to repair and control the condition. A typical diet chart will include foods that one can eat and exclude foods that will aggravate the situation.
Neutropenia health tips
Some neutropenia health tips
Since the symptoms of neutropenia are few, make sure that you are fully aware of the symptoms this condition produces and get checked up if you observe any of them.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The approach of a neutropenia diagnosis will vary between children and adults. The most likely causes in adults are infections or primary acquired bone marrow disease. In children, it is usually an immune neutropenia. Treatment options include:
References:Karen Moody; Mary Charlson, Jonathan Finlay, ‘The Neutropenic Diet: What’s the Evidence?’, Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, December 2002, 24/9. Available at http://journals.lww.com/jpho-online/Abstract/2002/12000/The_Neutropenic_Diet__What_s_the_Evidence_.7.aspx
|Submitted on January 16, 2014|