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Back pain is described as a mild to severe discomfort or pain in the back. The pain may sometimes spread into the hands, arms, and legs as well. Medical studies reveal that about 80% of people experience back pain at least once in their lives.
The symptoms of back pain mostly depend upon the type of back pain. The general symptoms include:
Causes of Back Pain
The exact cause of back pain may not be easy to conclude. However, it is important to note that back pain can be a symptom of an underlying disorder or disease. Some medical conditions that can cause back pain are as follows.
Injuries: Fractures and sprains can cause sudden or chronic back pain. Fractures can be the result of osteoporosis, and sprains can be caused by twists or lifts. Accidents or falls may also cause injuries leading to back pain.
Mechanical problems: Mechanical back pain is could be interverterbal disk degeneration or degenerative disk disease. Some other causes include ruptured or herniated disks, muscle tension, and spasms.
Acquired conditions and diseases: Numerous medical conditions and diseases can be the reason for back pain.
Tumors and infections: Even though infections are not the most common cause of back ache, they can sometime cause pain with inflammatory conditions such as osteomyelitis and diskitis. Rare, but tumors may develop in the back due to spread of cancer in the body.
Stress: Stress, although not a direct trigger of back pain, can cause muscle spasms and pain.
Treatment for Backache
The treatment of backache entails detailed physical examination, which includes medical tests and the medical history of a patient. A doctor may also recommend following tests:
Treatment is mostly carried out with analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Exercises for Back Pain
Stretching strengthens the back muscles, reduces stiffness, and promotes flexibility. Some of the stretching exercises that can be performed in the morning are as follows.
1. Recline on your back.
Knee to Chest:
1. Rest on the floor.
Aerobic exercises include jogging, brisk walking, and swimming. People with back pain should avoid exercises that involve twisting, like aerobic dancing. A 30 minute routine, thrice a week, is recommended.
Yoga strengthens and stretches the back muscles and the spine. Some of the poses that help alleviate back pain are given below.
Half Lord of the Fishes Pose:
1. Sit on the floor with legs extended straight.
1. Lie down on the floor with legs stretched and feet together. Position the hands, palms down, under the thighs.
Back pain is a major ailment and needs proper diagnosis. Any care, medication, and exercises should be supervised by a qualified medical professional.
|Submitted on January 16, 2014|