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Dehydration Diet, Nutrition
When an individual stops drinking water or loses more fluid than the amount consumed, the result is dehydration. Excessive vomiting, diarrhea, and sweating due to hot weather or exercise can make one lose a lot of fluids from the body. Unless the lost fluid is replaced with an adequate intake of water or juices, the blood cannot transport nutrients to various organs nor can the kidneys help to remove toxins from the body. After an episode of severe vomiting or diarrhea, it is vital to include a large amount of fluids in a dehydration diet to replenish the body. A dehydration diet plan should include, besides eight glasses of water, plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables like cantaloupe, melons, lettuce, cucumbers and squash, with each meal to benefit from their high water content and the vitamins and minerals they contain.
Foods To Avoid Dehydration
Many people are not aware that caffeine is a diuretic, which causes the body to produce more urine. Drinking coffee, tea, or colas that contain caffeine can actually make you lose more fluids from the body, and they are often considered foods that cause dehydration. Foods to avoid with dehydration include diet sodas, alcohol, especially beer, and even apple cider vinegar as these are diuretics, and they can increase urine output. High protein diets are also known to cause dehydration, particularly in athletes who lose a lot of fluids through sweat. Eating fried food after drinking alcohol can increase dehydration and also put a strain on the digestive system. Dehydration and food poisoning related vomiting can cause a sudden drop in the fluid levels in the body and can be dangerous unless sufficient water is ingested continuously in small sips to replace lost fluids.
When dehydration occurs because of diarrhea or vomiting, it is vital that the patient be given food that is easy to digest and that is rich in vitamins and minerals, like yoghurt, fruit sorbets, and vegetable soups. Vitamins for dehydration patients become doubly important because they help replenish depleted reserves and boost the body’s immune system. Juices, smoothies, and shakes enriched with vitamins C and D help to revitalize the body. Vitamin D is essential for the absorption of calcium and phosphorous, nutrients that may be lost in a bout of vomiting or diarrhea. Fresh lime juice or cold water flavored with a few sprigs of mint or a couple of fresh slices of pineapple or oranges is not only refreshing, but it also comes enriched with vitamin C. Salads garnished with nuts and beans are rich sources of vitamin B for those unable to eat meat and poultry because of diarrhea.
Nutrition For Dehydrated Person
Nutrition for dehydration patients is given in a form that is easily absorbed by the body, usually in liquid form as oral rehydration therapy. A solution of a teaspoon of salt, three tablespoonfuls of sugar, and one quart of water is the most basic nutritional therapy for dehydration as it provides the body with the required amounts of sodium and potassium to restore electrolyte balance. Coconut water is considered an ideal drink to use in nutritional therapy for dehydration as it contains a wealth of micro nutrients.
Vitamin and mineral supplements help to bolster the immune system and prevent infections, which may lead to diarrhea or vomiting, the major direct causes for dehydration. Thus, supplements for dehydration would include vitamin supplements containing vitamin C, D and B and minerals such as potassium and sodium. Drinking plenty of water is the best way to prevent dehydration. Sports drinks containing potassium or oral potassium supplements may be of help to those who sweat profusely during exercise or when they play vigorous sports, so that they can avoid dehydration. It is best to consult a doctor for dosage based on your requirements.
Among the herbs for dehydration treatment, licorice root tea is the most common. Fresh mint or mint oil mixed in cold water is another popular remedy for dehydration. Powdered dry ginger mixed with buttermilk is soothing for those with dehydration caused by diarrhea. Chamomile tea or basil tea sweetened with honey is said to reduce inflammation and help rehydrate the body. Parsley and fennel, herbs used to treat water retention, are diuretics or dehydrating herbs, and they are best to be avoided.
Though the severity of dehydration symptoms may vary depending on the geographical location and climatic conditions, age, weight, and level of activity pursued by the individual, certain symptoms are common. These are as follows:
Several medical conditions and even some medication may lead to dehydration. Common among dehydration causes are the following:
Treatment For Dehydration
A dehydration diagnosis can be made in any of the following ways:
|Submitted on January 16, 2014|