|Healthy Diet Plans >> Health Issues and Diet >> Diarrhoea|
Types of diarrhea
Symptoms of diarrhea
Diarrhea is itself considered a symptom of some disorder in the body. However, symptoms that are associated with diarrhea are as follows:
Causes of diarrhea
The general causes of diarrhea may include:
Causes of acute diarrhea
Viral gastroenteritis: The most prevalent cause of acute diarrhea, it is the viral infection in the small intestines and the stomach
Food poisoning: The complication that causes abdominal pain and cramps is caused by toxic bacteria.
Traveler’s diarrhea: This type of diarrhea is usually caused by the E. coli bacteria. The bacteria can be got by consumption of contaminated and unhygienic foods such as raw meat, water, seafood, ice cubes and vegetables.
Bacterial enterocolitis: The bacteria cause inflammation of the colon and small intestines and can cause diarrhea. The bacteria that bring about enterocolitis are salmonella, shigella and EPEC.
Parasites: The infection causes diarrhea brought about by the consumption of contaminated water and foods.
Causes of chronic diarrhea
Some medications are also the cause of diarrhea. These are as follows:
Treatment of Dysentery
Some mild cases of diarrhea are easily treatable at home and do not need medical intervention. However, if the symptoms are chronic and persist for more than 48 hours, expert advice should be taken.
The doctor will first seek the detailed information about the symptoms and the recent behavioral history of the patient. After the initial analysis, some medical tests such as stool examination may be prescribed.
Some severe cases may require medical examination such as sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. The procedures entail detailed examination of the rectum and the colon with a thin, flexible tube. Further tests may be ordered to rule out any other complications.
The most crucial aspect of treatment of diarrhea is rehydration. Consumption of fluids that contain sodium, sugar, or potassium assists in the betterment of the condition.
Some of the medications that may be suggested by the doctor for treatment of diarrhea are given below.
Prevention of diarrhea
The most effective prevention method for infectious diarrhea is good hygiene habits. Some of the precautions that may help avoid infection are as follows.
However, some of the cases of diarrhea, especially those caused by medical complications, are unavoidable. Call for medical help if the condition persists.
|Submitted on January 16, 2014|