|Healthy Diet Plans >> Health Issues and Diet >> Peptic Ulcer|
Peptic ulcer is one of the most common diseases today. It refers to an eroded lesion in the gastric intestinal mucosa. An ulcer may form in any part of the digestive tract which is exposed to acid gastric juice, but is usually found in the stomach anti the duodenum. The ulcer located in the stomach is known as gastric ulcer and that located in the duodenum is called a duodenal ulcer. Usually both are grouped together and termed peptic ulcer.
Duodenal ulcers are about ten times more frequent than gastric ulcers. They are more common in sedentary workers than manual workers. The incidence of peptic ulcers is four times higher in men than women. Men are more affected by duodenal ulcers whereas women usually get ulcers in the stomach. 80th kinds affect young to middle-aged persons and are most common in the 35-40 age group.
Symptoms of Peptic Ulcers:
The most common symptoms of peptic ulcer are sharp and severe pain and discomfort in the upper central abdomen. The pain is commonly described as burning or gnawing in character. Gastric ulcer pain usually occurs an hour after meals and rarely at night. Duodenal ulcer pain usually occurs between meals when the stomach is emp¬ty and is relieved by food, especially milk. It is often described as hunger pain and gets the sufferer out of bed between 2 and 4 a.m. As the disease progresses there is distension of the stomach due to excessive flatulence. Besides mental tension, insomnia and gradual weakening of the body. It may also cause constipation with occasional blood in the stools. If an ulcer bleeds slowly, there is anaemia.
A really severe peptic ulcer can lead to serious com¬plications like haemorrhage, perforation or obstruction of the orifice through which the food passes from the stomach to the intestine. Unless treated in time, it can lead to massive bleeding and shock, or even death.
Causes of Peptic Ulcers:
Peptic ulcers result from hyperacidity which is a condition caused by an increase in hydrochloric acid in the stomach. This strong acid secreted by the cells lining the stomach affects much of the break-down of food. It can be potentially dangerous and, under certain circumstances, it may eat its way through the lining of the stomach or duodenum producing, first, irritation of the stomach wall and eventually an ulcer.
Dietetic indiscretion, like overeating, taking of heavy meals or highly spiced foods, coffee, alcohol and smoking are the main factors contributing to this condition. Alcohol is a very powerful acid producer and has a burning effect on the stomach lining. Coffee also increases the production of acid especially when itis taken black The ingestion of certain drugs, particularly asprin, food poisoning, infections like influenza and septicaemia and gout may also cause ulcers.
Emotional stress or nervous tension also plays a major role in the formation of ulcers. The stomach is a highly sensitive organ and nervous activity can slow down or speed up digestion. Those given to excessive worry, anger, tension, jealousy and hurry are thus more prone to suffer from ulcers than those who are easy-going and relaxed. Ulcer patients are usually highly-strung, irritable and ambitious people who live very active lives. They generally take on many things at one time and worry about the results of their various projects.
Certain occupations appear to predispose individuals to peptic ulcers. Doctors and those in responsible positions in industry such as business executives are particularly prone to it. Presumably stress and strain, hurried and irregular meals, and inadequate mastication are im¬portant contributory factors in their cases.
Peptic ulcers are sores that are caused in the stomachs lining or duodenum, which is the first portion of our small intestine. A peptic ulcer disease present in the stomach goes by the name of gastric ulcer, and when it is present in the duodenum, it is called duodenum ulcer. Peptic ulcers can also be formed in the esophagus, which is above the stomach and makes the connection between the mouth and stomach. However, most often peptic ulcers occur in the duodenum or the stomach. It is possible for you to suffer from duodenum ulcers and gastric ulcers simultaneously, and you can also get more than one ulcer in your lifetime. Peptic ulcer treatment can be performed successfully, but you should make sure to see a doctor once you see the signs of the disease.
Peptic ulcer causes: The stomach lining is normally protected from the destructive effects of acid in the stomach. When the protective agents fail to do their job, an ulcer is formed. Helicobacter pylori, which is the name of a type of bacteria, is considered to be responsible for most of the ulcers. This bacterium tends to weaken the duodenum and the protective layer of the stomach, which allows the destructive digestive fluids to slowly dissolve the stomach lining. Twenty percent of all Americans over the age of 40 have helicobacter pylori present in the digestive tract. However, most of them do not get ulcers.
Peptic ulcer symptom: One of the most common peptic ulcer symptoms is a burning or dull pain in the stomach. The pain can be felt anywhere in the region between your breastbone and your belly. This pain can start during the night or between your meals. It can also stop briefly when you take antacids or have a meal. Peptic ulcer pain can last for a few minutes to many hours and may come and go for many days or weeks. Other peptic ulcer disease symptoms include a sick feeling in your stomach, vomiting, burping, bloating, poor appetite, and weight loss. Even if you experience symptoms that are mild, it is possible that you have peptic ulcers, and you should immediately see a doctor as the condition could worsen if not treated soon.
Peptic ulcer treatment: The main aim in the treatment of peptic ulcers include getting rid of the causes that underlie the disease, preventing further complications and damage and reducing the risk of the condition from recurring. To bring relief to the peptic ulcer disease symptoms, medication is usually given to eliminate the bacteria helicobacter pylori. Surgery may sometimes be used as a peptic ulcer disease treatment, if the condition is serious or if the medications are ineffective.
|Submitted on January 16, 2014|