|Healthy Diet Plans >> Health Issues and Diet >> Tuberculosis|
Tuberculosis is one of the most dreaded diseases. It is a major health problem in India and often rated the number one killer. It affects eight to nine million people at anyone time and over five lakh people die of this disease every year in this country. This disease is also called consumption as it consumes the body and reduces the patient to a skeleton.
Tuberculosis has a very ancient origin.
A tiny germ called tubercle bacillus, which is so small that only a microscope can detect it, causes tuberculosis. The germ enters the body through the nose, mouth and the windpipe and settles down in the lungs. It multiplies by millions and produces small raised spots called tubercles. Sometimes this germ is called Kock's bacillus and the disease, Kock's disease after the name of Prof. Kock (1843-1910) who discovered this germ in March 1882.
Tuberculosis is not hereditary but an infectious or communicable disease. Those suffering from the disease for a considerable time eject living germs while coughing or spitting and when these enter the nose or mouth of healthy persons, they contract the disease. The spread of the disease is helped considerably by overcrowded and dirty conditions. Mouth-breathing and kissing as well as contaminated food and water are also responsible for spreading this disease. Tuberculosis does not spread merely by touching the persons suffering from it.
Symptoms of Tuberculosis:
Tuberculosis is of four types, namely of lungs, in¬testines, bones and glands. Pulmonary tuberculosis or tuberculosis of the lungs is by far the most 'common type of tuberculosis. It commences normally with a dry cough. The patient loses strength, colour and weight and is unable to carryon his normal work. Other symptoms are a rise in temperature especially in the' evening, hoarseness, difficulty in breathing, pain in the shoulders, indigestion, chest pain, and blood in the sputum.
Causes of Tuberculosis:
Lowered resistance or devitalisation of the system is the chief cause of this disease. Most people have the germs present at, times, but they do not develop the disease unless their bodies are in a weakened condition. This condition is brought about mainly by mineral starvation of the, tissues of the body due to an inadequate diet and the chief mineral concerned is calcium. In many ways, therefore, tuberculosis is the disease of calcium deficiency. There can be no breakdown of the tissue and no tubercular growth when there is an adequate supply of organic calcium in the said tissue. Thus, an adequate supply of organic calcium in the system together with other organic mineral matter is a sure preventive of the development of tuberculosis.
Lowered resistance also results from a variety of other factors such as suppression of diseases by drugs and medication, use of stale, devitaminised and acid forming foods; eating wrong combination of foods, such as taking fruits with starchy foods at one meal, causing fermentation in the stomach; wasting of energy through excessive loss of semen and living in ill-ventilated houses. Other causes include exposure to cold, loss of sleep, impure air, sedentary life, overwork, contaminated milk, use of tobacco in any form, liquor of all kinds, tea, coffee and all harmful drinks. These factors prepare the ground for the growth of germs of various kinds, including the tuber¬cle bacillus. These germs, which may be present in the body, are quite harmless for those who are full of vitality and natural resistance.
Tuberculosis also called TB, which is short for tubercles bacillus, is a highly infectious disease usually caused by the bacteria mycobacterium tuberculosis in humans. Tuberculosis normally affects the lungs, but other parts of the body can also get affected. The medium through tuberculosis is spread is air. When individuals who are affected with the disease spit, sneeze, or cough the bacteria are released and affect those around. It is then possible for people who are close by to inhale the bacteria into the lungs. Tuberculosis cannot be contracted by shaking the hands or touching the clothes of an individual who is infected with the disease.
Treatment For Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis treatment is not very easy because of the chemical composition and unusual structure of the cell wall of the bacteria, which reduces the effectiveness of the antibiotics and prevents drugs from entering.
The two most commonly used antibiotics are isoniazid and rifampicin. However, tuberculosis requires lengthy courses of antibiotics for about 6 to 24 months to completely eliminate the bacteria from the body instead of the short ones usually used as a treatment for other bacterial infections. Contacts are also examined and given the treatment if needed. The resistance of antibiotics has grown as a problem in multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis. The prevention mainly lies in programs of screening and vaccinations normally with the bacillus calmette-guérin vaccine. The treatment of latent tuberculosis is usually carried out with a single antibiotic. However, in the case of an active tuberculosis disease, combinations of various antibiotics are used as the best treatment to reduce the chances of the bacteria becoming resistant to the antibioticst Treatments for individuals with latent tuberculosis are given to prevent the condition from becoming an active tuberculosis disease later on in lifel
The first step in the treatment of tuberculosis through diet is to put the patient on a diet of fresh fruits for around three to four daysd Three meals should be taken each day consisting of juicy and fresh fruits like melons, pineapples, oranges, peaches, grapes, and applesp For drinks, unsweetened plain water or lemon water can be taken either cold or hot If too much weight is being lost through the fruit diet, individuals who are underweight can drink a glass of milk with each mealm After completing the diet consisting only of fruits, the patient could start a diet of milk and fruitsu This diet is just the same as the all-fruit diet, but with milk which is drunk with each mealm The patient can start with two pints of milk on the first day, and add another half pint each day to make it come to four or five pintsi You should make sure that the milk is fresh and not boiledi You can warm it a little bit if you wantw It is also important that you avoid taking alcohol during tuberculosis as it can make the condition worse and bring about other complicationsi You should also avoid foods like pickles, condiments, sauces, refined cereals, pies, puddings, refined sugar, white bread, tinned and canned foods, and caffeinated beveragesa
|Submitted on January 16, 2014|